Who is the audience?
Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier.
There are a few instances when you might want to summarize an article. A great summary should include certain important elements that make the reading experience easier on the reader. A good summary will consist of the following elements.
The main idea of the article is conveyed clearly and concisely The summary is written in the unique style of the writer The summary is much shorter than the original document The summary explains all of the important notions and arguments The summary condenses a lot of information into a small space How Do You Summarize an Article?
Summarizing an article can be boiled down to three simple steps. By following these steps, you should have a thorough, clear, and concise summary in no time. Identify the main idea or topic. Identify the important arguments. Continue reading for detailed explanations of each of these steps.
Identify the Main Idea or Topic The aim of an article is to convey a certain idea or topic through the use of exposition and logic.
In a summary, you want to identify the main idea of the article and put this information into your own words. To do this, you must be willing to read the article several times.
On the first reading, try to gain a general notion of what the article is trying to say. This is most likely the thesis, or main idea, of the article. When trying to identify the central idea, you should ask yourself, "Why was this essay written and published?
Identify the place it was published, as this can help you determine the intended audience. Determine the date of publication.
Determine the type of essay. Is it expository, argumentative, literary, scholarly? Take note of the tone of the piece. Identify certain notions or arguments that seem to be repeated throughout.
We can assume the subject of the article from the title.
Upon further examination, it becomes clear that the author is arguing that new research suggests the best cure for diabetes is the surgical solution of a gastric bypass. Now that we have identified the main idea of the article, we can move onto the next step. Think of the thesis of your summary as a caption on a picture.
In spite of having lost most of the season due to an injury, Jim Johnson beat his own record and won the meet, qualifying him for the state finals.
Identify Important Arguments At this point in the preparation process, you should read the article again. This time, read more carefully. Look specifically for the supporting arguments.
Some tips on how to identify the important arguments of an article are listed below. How to Identify Important Arguments in an Article Read on a paper copy or use a computer program that lets you make annotations.
Underline the topic sentence of each paragraph. If no one sentence tells the main concept, then write a summary of the main point in the margin.
Write that sentence in your own words on the side of the page or on another piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the topic sentences you marked or wrote down. In your own words, rewrite those main ideas. Use complete sentences with good transition words.
You may find you need to leave out some of the unimportant details. Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. In short, you want to boil the article down to its main, supporting arguments.
Let everything else fall away, and what you are left with is an argument or an opinion, and the arguments that support it. Here are several ways to do this correctly:Academic Writing.
By Rosemary Jones. Looking at the big picture. Academic writing is based on analysis - the process of breaking down ideas - to increase one's understanding. Why a Scientific Format? The scientific format may seem confusing for the beginning science writer due to its rigid structure which is so different from writing in the humanities.
One reason for using this format is that it is a means of efficiently communicating scientific findings to the broad community of scientists in a uniform manner. This lesson will assist you in identifying and understanding the major components of expository writing.
Learn more about expository writing and see some common examples.
A good response is persuasive; therefore, it should cite facts, examples, and personal experience that either refutes or supports the article you're responding to, depending on your stance. Two Typical Organizational Formats for Summary/Response Essays. How to Write an Abstract. In this Article: Article Summary Getting Your Abstract Started Writing Your Abstract Formatting Your Abstract Community Q&A If you need to write an abstract for an academic or scientific paper, don't panic! Your abstract is simply a short, stand-alone summary of the work or paper that others can use as an overview. An abstract describes what you do in your essay. A paragraph is a component of fictional prose and non-fiction writings. When writing essays, research papers, books, etc., new paragraphs are indented to show their beginnings. Each new paragraph begins with a new indentation. The purpose of a paragraph is to express a speaker’s thoughts on a.
Writing a Summary A summary is condensed version of a larger reading. A summary is not a rewrite of the original piece and does not have to be long nor should it be long.
These tips and examples can help with writing a concluding paragraph. Home; How it Works; Writing Curriculum; When you’re writing a good conclusion paragraph, you need to think about the main point that you want to get across and be sure it’s included.
Summary: How to Make a Good Conclusion Paragraph. The contents of paragraphs C and D would vary with the poem. Usually, paragraph C would indicate the actual or imagined circumstances of the poem (the situation), if these call for explanation, and would then state the subject and outline its development.