The origin and history of photography

One of the most important effects of radiation on matter is seen in photographic action.

The origin and history of photography

Etymology[ edit ] The coining of the word "photography" is usually attributed to Sir John Herschel in Camera obscura Principle of a box camera obscura with mirror A natural phenomenon, known as camera obscura or pinhole image, can project a reversed image through a small opening onto an opposite surface.

This principle may have been known and used in prehistoric times.

General considerations

The earliest known written record of the camera obscura is to be found in Chinese writings called Mozidated to the 4th century BCE. Until the 16th century the camera obscura was mainly used to study optics and astronomy, especially to safely watch solar eclipses without damaging the eyes.

In the later half of the 16th century some technical improvements were developed: In Giambattista della Porta advised using the camera obscura as a drawing aid in his popular and influential books. Della Porta's advice was widely adopted by artists and since the 17th century portable versions of the camera obscura were commonly used - first as a tent, later as boxes.

Who Invented the Camera? A Lesson in the History of Photography

The box type camera obscura was the basis for the earliest photographic cameras when photography was developed in the early 19th century. History of the camera Before Turin Shroud and light sensitive materials[ edit ] The notion that light can affect various substances - for instance the suntanning of skin or fading of textile - must have been around since very early times.

Ideas of fixing the image seen in mirrors or other ways of creating images automatically may also have been in people's mind long before anything like photography was developed.

The actual method that resulted in this image has not yet been conclusively identified. It first appeared in historical records in and radiocarbon dating tests indicate it was probably made between and Georg Fabricius —71 discovered silver chloridelater used to make photographic paper.

He also noted that paper wrapped around silver nitrate for a year had turned black. After experiments with threads that had created lines on the bottled substance after he placed it in direct sunlight for a while, he applied stencils of words to the bottle.

The stencils produced copies of the text in dark red, almost violet characters on the surface of the otherwise whitish contents. The impressions persisted until they were erased by shaking the bottle or until overall exposure to light obliterated them. Schulze named the substance "Scotophorus", when he published his findings in He thought the discovery could be applied to detect whether metals or minerals contained any silver and hoped that further experimentation by others would lead to some other useful results.

The first effect of this cloth is similar to that of a mirror, but by means of its viscous nature the prepared canvas, as is not the case with the mirror, retains a facsimile of the image.

The origin and history of photography

The mirror represents images faithfully, but retains none; our canvas reflects them no less faithfully, but retains them all. This impression of the image is instantaneous.

History of photography | Inventions & Events | r-bridal.com

The canvas is then removed and deposited in a dark place.Photography. An art form invented in s, becoming publicly recognised ten years later.

Today, photography is the largest growing hobby in the world with the . Explore the History of Photography Timeline - discover how it all began and its key milestones.

Inventing the medium

Photography has come a long way in its relatively short history. In almost years, the camera developed from a plain box that took blurry photos to the high-tech mini computers found in today's DSLRs and smartphones.

Photography is the art, application and practice of creating durable images by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation, either electronically by means of an image sensor, or chemically by means of a light-sensitive material such as photographic r-bridal.com is employed in many fields of science, manufacturing (e.g., photolithography), and business, as well as its more direct uses for art.

From the ancient Greeks to digital photography, here's a brief timeline of the history of photography. From the ancient Greeks to digital photography, here's a brief timeline of the history of photography.

The origin and history of photography

Photography Timeline. The Art of Photography - Timeline of Photography, Film, and Cameras. Share Flipboard Email Print. One important element is knowing a bit of the history of street photography and then figuring out where your work fits into that bigger picture. This is a critical aspect of street photography success that is often overlooked or undervalued.

Photography - Wikipedia