Departure[ edit ] The Call to Adventure[ edit ] The hero begins in a situation of normality from which some information is received that acts as a call to head off into the unknown. The hero can go forth of his own volition to accomplish the adventure, as did Theseus when he arrived in his father's city, Athens, and heard the horrible history of the Minotaur ; or he may be carried or sent abroad by some benign or malignant agent as was Odysseusdriven about the Mediterranean by the winds of the angered god, Poseidon.
The Role of the Boar in Celtic Iconography and Myth Coming second only to the horse, the boar occupies a prominent position in Celtic iconography, and like the horse, it is on Celtic coins that we most frequently encounter him.
Yet beyond a few guesses based upon simple observations, we find little explanation of his pervasiveness. To start our search, we will take one of the Celtic coins where not only is the boar splendidly portrayed, but we also know of its Classical prototype.
This is the earliest silver coin of the Corieltauvi Coritani in Britain, and is derived from a Roman Republican coin of Hosidius depicting the slaying of the Calydonian boar. It is important to realize that the Celts, while non-literate, were nevertheless familiar with Roman and Greek myths, and did discuss their own interpretations of them.
The copying of a Roman coin type was not a haphazard incident and would not have been done unless it had some relevance to the Celtic ethos. Let us examine the story of the Calydonian boar: In this myth, King Oeneus has made offerings to the Gods to thank them for a bountiful harvest, but he has omitted to include an offering for Diana.
Angered by this, she has loosed a giant boar on Oeneus' land as a punishment. The boar had a breath that could set fire to leaves. It trampled the first shoots of spring, and destroyed the corn in the ear in Autumn. It attacked the flocks, and sent people scurrying for the safety of the city walls.
Oeneus' son Meleager selects a force of heroes including many famous characters from Greek myth to overcome the boar and win fame and glory. The warriors follow the boar's tracks into a virgin forest. The dogs are unleashed and hunting nets spread out upon the forest floor.
The boar is first driven out from a marshy hollow; rushing into the midst of its foes like a bolt of lightning, it crashes loudly against the trunks of the trees, pushing some of them over. Dogs are tossed to the side by the beast's tusks, and the warriors return the attack.
Echion throws the first spear, but it misses, and scars the bark of a maple tree; Jason's spear overshoots, then Mopsus cries out a prayer to Apollo and hurls his spear.
It hits the boar but fails to wound it, for Diana steals its iron tip as it flies through the air. The boar is angered even more, blazing as fiercely as the fire of a thunderbolt, sparks flashing from its eyes, it breathes out flames from its chest and charges the band of warriors.
Eupalamus and Pelagon are felled, their friends snatching them up from where they lay; Enaesimus, turns to flee, but the boar slashes the sinews behind his knees, and he crumples to the ground; Nestor uses his spear to vault into the branches of a tree, and looks down at the boar from a safe height.
The boar then sharpens his tusks on the bark of an oak, before ripping open the thigh of Hippasus. Castor and Pollux send their javelins in unison towards the boar, but it retreats into dense undergrowth.
Telemon follows it eagerly, but in his haste, trips over the roots of a tree. While Peleus is helping him to his feet, Atalanta, the girl warrior from Tegea, fires an arrow at the boar that grazes the top of his back and lodges below its ear, staining the bristles with a trickle of blood.A collection of essays on the work of Ken Wilber, written by several authors.
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The Role of the Boar in Celtic Iconography and Myth Coming second only to the horse, the boar occupies a prominent position in Celtic iconography, and like the horse, it is on Celtic coins that we most frequently encounter him. Oedipus The Tragic Hero Of Oedipus Rex 's ' Oedipus ' - Although this argument can be supported using evidence from the text, Dodds, in his essay On Misunderstanding Oedipus Rex refutes this idea: that of Oedipus having a hamartia that seals his fate.
The 12 Common Archetypes By Carl Golden. The term "archetype" has its origins in ancient Greek. The root words are archein, which means "original or old"; and typos, which means "pattern, model or type".The combined meaning is an "original pattern" of which all other similar persons, objects, or concepts are derived, copied, modeled, or .