Mid of January to March 8. Biochemical analysis Active ingredients The fruit is rich source of vitamins and minerals.
These uses range from so-called 'health foods' to industrial gums. Demand for Carob products is currently increasing.
The tree is traditionally grown in Mediterranean regions, however changes in agricultural production linked to population growth in these areas has reduced production of the Carob. It seems, therefore, that Australia could become a Carob-producing country, as the general climate in many areas suits the growth of the Carob.
At present, all of the Carob used here is imported. In the future, hopefully, this situation will change from Australia being a net importer of Carob to being a net exporter of processed Carob products. Turner, in the paper titled "The Cultivation and Uses of the Carob Bean", wrote highly of the tree and suggested the Carob as being a new commercial crop for New South Wales.
It has been in the last decade or so that the Carob has been 're-discovered' in this country. The Carob tree under favourable conditions may reach heights of up to thirteen metres and can have a trunk girth of up to three and half metres.
The tree has pinnate leaves with usually four to five pairs of oval-shaped leaflets, these leaflets are a much darker green on the upper surface, as opposed to the under surface which may be light green to grey in colour.
The Carob tree develops quite a long tap root which penetrates deeply into the soil. It has been reported that roots had been traced down to twenty metres on some Carob trees in Algeria; the advantage of such roots is evidenced in arid areas with artesian water supplies where the tree can access these supplies to its advantage.
This leads to the formation of what are best described as warty structures. The pods develop from the female flowers but only a small number of these flowers, usually two to five, actually produce pods. A downfall of the Carob is that the tree will not usually bear pods until an age of between five and nine years, and even then there must be sufficient male and female trees.
In summary, the trees flower in March and April with the pods developing through the Winter, Spring and Summer, when the pods are fully ripe in February.
Minimum temperatures of minus six to seven degrees Celsius will cause a reduction in tree growth, temperatures of minus nine degrees Celsius and below will result in defoliation, and under prolonged periods at these low temperatures, the tree will die.
It is generally believed that poor pod crops would result under conditions of less than three hundred and twenty five millimetres per annum. During the season when the pods reach maturity, there should be a minimum of rainfall. If there is rainfall, the ideal are falls of a short duration.
Prolonged rainfall will result in fungal attack on the ripening pods, which then leads to the fermentation of sugars in the pod. Naturally if a clay problem did exist, an application of gypsum may reduce it. Fertiliser requirements naturally vary depending upon local conditions, but in qeneral, a complete mineral fertiliser serves best.
Under drip irrigation, a complete nutrient solution can be accurately supplied to each tree. Individual fertilizer treatments should be applied prior to flowering.
Foliar analysis is recommended to ascertain those elements which are deficient, and those elements that may be at toxic levels.Page 3 of 51 METHOD VALIDATION AND QUALITY CONTROL PROCEDURES FOR PESTICIDE RESIDUES ANALYSIS IN FOOD AND FEED Introduction 1.
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